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Books & Films
Here we present the most exciting books and films. Save space in your travel bag. These books (and films) should be a part of you backpack.

See the trailer from the coming movie about Alexander the Great – What did he do to Persepolis in Persia, Iran? Part 2 of 2

2004-11-14
He plundered and destroyed some ancient sites in Persia as Persepolis, but Iran is still a paradise for exploring ancient sites and culture. The country is full of fascinating stories about remarkeble persons, battles, wonders, kings, science, cultures as Alexander the Great`s invasion of Persia - Discoveries of great treasures in Persepolis - Cyrus the Great - the Iranian Calendar Systems - Cultural Anthropology of Baluchis - And more

Photo. The Hall of the Hundred Columns in Persepolis, Iran (on the left side), and the cover from the movie about Alexander the Great (on the right side).


The person on the photo is the author exploring the remains of this ancient wonder.

 

Alexander the Great, or not Great?

I really wonder; is it correctly to call Alexander a great person? "Great" is defined in the dictionary as being powerful, superior in quality or character, distinguished and even aristocratic. So according to this definition it would be better to find another name on him. He was definitely not peaceful! Just look at the dramatic scenes from the film available for viewing below.

There is
no doubt that Alexander was an extraordinary person. He was both a genious, powersick and crazy person in general. He was extremely powerful and had an incredible large empire, probably the largest empire which has ever been. However, like every rose has its thorn, so did Alexander, especially when it comes to Persepolis in Iran.

 

The amazing story about Persepolis begun for 2500 years ago. At that time life flourished and the empire grow. It was believed that it was inaccessible, but so came Alexander the Great….Since Persepolis was in the heartland, no one expected that it would show up enemies there. It was probably therefore Persepolis lacked strong fortifications. Persepolis continued to flourish under the later Achaemenian Kings, until it was destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330 B.C. Alexander and his soldiers stormed and break trough Persepolis from the northeastern corner where the mountain and the platform meet. After Alexander the Great had plundered and burned Persepoilis, the city was abandoned.

 

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Contact us in Travel Explorations for booking your tour to Iran. 

E-mail: Stein@TravelExplorations.com

Soon we will introduce our partner in Iran!

 

Burning of Persepolis by Alexander the Great (Diodorus, The History of the world, 17.20-22), translated by M.M. Austen, referred from the website http://irantarikh.com/persia/burning.htm. As for Persepolis, the capital of the Persian kingdom, Alexander described it to the Macedonians as their worst enemy among the cities of Asia, and he gave it over to the soldiers to plunder, with the exception of the royal palace.

 

It was the wealthiest city under the sun and the private houses had been filled for a long time with riches of every kind. The Macedonians rushed into it, killing all the men and plundering the houses, which were numerous and full of furniture and precious objects of every kind. Here much silver was carried off and no little gold, and many expensive dresses, embroidered with purple or with gold, fell as prizes to the victors.

 

But the great royal palace, famed throughout the inhabited world, had been condemned to the indignity of total destruction. The Macedonians spent the whole day in pillage but still could not satisfy their inexhaustible greed. [...] As for the women, they dragged them away forcibly with their jewels, treating as slaves the whole group of captives. As Persepolis had surpassed all other cities in prosperity, so she now exceeded them in misfortune.

 

Alexander went up to the citadel and took possession of the treasures stored there. They were full of gold and silver, with the accumulation of revenue from Cyrus, the first king of the Persians, down to that time. Reckoning gold in terms of silver, 2,500 tons were found there. Alexander wanted to take part of the money with him, for the expenses of war and to deposit the rest at Susa under close guard. From Babylon, Mesopotamia and Susa, he sent for a crowd of mules, partly pack and partly draught animals, as well as 3,000 pack camels, and with these he had all the treasure conveyed to the chosen places. He was very hostile to the local people and did not trust them, and wished to destroy Persepolis utterly. [...]

See the movie clip here  - incredible dramatic scenes

 

See the trailer from the coming movie about Alexander the Great (from the Official Website for the movie): Movie - Alexander.

 

Excavation of the Persepolis site began in 1931, supervised by James Henry Breasted of the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute. It`s still a magnificient wonder to admire for explorers and adventure travellers.

 

More great stories and discoveries in Iran:


Read more about discoveries from ancient time in
Persia (Iran):

Iranian Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN): http://www.chn.ir/english.


Cyrus the Great, King of
Babylon and King of the Land

Cyrus (580-529 BC) was the first Achaemenid Emperor. He founded Persia by uniting the two original Iranian Tribes- the Medes and the Persians. Although he was known to be a great conqueror, who at one point controlled one of the greatest Empires ever seen, he is best remembered for his unprecedented tolerance and magnanimous attitude towards those he defeated.Read more on http://www.chn.ir/english/eshownews.asp?no=3902


Iranian Calendar Systems, history and origins

The first calendars based on Zoroastrian cosmology appeared during the later Achaemenian period and though they have evolved and changed over the centuries the names of the months have remained more or less the same till now. Before this period Old Persian inscriptions and tablets indicate that early Iranians used a 360-day calendar based on Babylonian system modified according to their own beliefs with their own name days.

 

Month was divided into two or three divisions depending on the phases of the moon. Twelve months were named for various festivals or activities of the pastoral year with 30 days in each month. A thirteenth month every six years was added to keep the 360-day calendar in harmony with the seasons. Under the unified empire of the Achaemenid it was necessary to create a distinctive Iranian calendar based on Zoroastrian beliefs………………Read more on http://www.chn.ir/english/eshownews.asp?no=3708

Cultural Anthropology of Baluchis in Iran

For a curious visitor who arrives in Baluchistan, the first interesting issue that attracts the attention most is the way Baluchis are dressed up. Baluchi people have preserved their way of clothing with a slight change.


Men wear long shirts, loose pants and a turban around their heads while women put on loose dress and pants with needle works that are special of the people of the area and is
not common in other parts of the country. The upper part of the dress and sleeves are decorated with needle works, an artistic work that is specific of the clothing of the women Baluchis. They cover their hair with a scarf that is called `Sarig' in the local dialect and wear `chador' over it.


Baluchi women usually put on gold ornaments such as necklace and bracelet but their special jewellery is `Dorr' or heavy earrings that are fastened to the head with gold chains so that their heavy weight will
not cause the tearing of the ear. They usually wear a gold brooch called `Tasni' that are made by local jewellers in various shapes and are used to fasten the two parts of the dress over the chest. Read more on http://www.chn.ir/english/eshownews.asp?no=3845.

Iran is one of the most interesting and exciting countries in the world for explorations and adventures. We in Travel Explorations will continuously follow all the great discoveries there, and provide you with more news and articles.


Stein Morten Lund
, 13 November 2004


Additional information

Travel Explorations is designed for travel companies to increase their sales to customer by utilizing the power of the Internet. Based on agreement, Travel Explorations offer travel companies to keep their customers continuously updated with tour programmes, price offers and more.  


Bookings - presentation of our partner in
Iran:

Coming soon! In the mean time we give you exciting travel information based on own experiences and a wide range of reliable sources. You are also welcome to contact us for tour suggestions, prices and advise on e-mail stein@TravelExploratins.com.


Official website for the movie about Alexander the Great: http://alexanderthemovie.warnerbros.com.


Read more about discoveries from ancient time in
Persia (Iran):

Iranian Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN): http://www.chn.ir/english.

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