Photo. Fredriksten fortress, Fredriksten festning, Halden, in Norway - observed from outside.
Fredriksten fortress, in the town of Halden, Norway, has through 350 years of history been Norway's most important border fortress.
It`s also consider as one of the most magnificent in Europe, majestically located above the Halden. The fortress offers aslo a fantastic view of the fjord, and far into what once was enemy territory.
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The building of Fredriksten started in 1661 after Norway lost the Bohuslän district and Bohus Fortress to Sweden in 1658. Three subsequent attacks by the Swedes on Halden in 1658-1660 convinced Fredrik 3. the King of Denmark and Norway; a strong, modern fortress was needed. During the war in 1718, Swedish King Karl 12. fell before the walls of Fredriksten fortress.
Now Fredriksten fortress is one of the country's most spectacular cultural arenas. It is a popular area for hiking, and offers accomodation and dining.
Stein Morten Lund, August 2018
The fortress Fredriksten has many monuments and views. Most of the buildings both inside the fortress' main area - and some on the surrounding areas - still includes parts from the 17th, 18th and 19th century. For more information about hikings at the fortress - please visit the tourist information in Halden, or the Fredriksten Infocenter (open from the middle of May to end of August).
Information from The Norwegian Defence Estates Agency, Forsvarsbygg:
this military organisation manages 15 national fortifications across Norway, which receive a total of 3,3 million visitors a year. Fredriksten Fortress is situated at the south-east tip of Norway, close to the border with Sweden, and it commands an elevated position above the town of Halden. It is a national border fort, and a regional cultural arena. Some of the most dramatic and bloody events in Norwegian war history have taken place here, the most well-known perhaps being the Swedish King Charles XII's death in 1718.