Photo. Sunset above the bustling Djemaa El Fna square in Marrakesh, Morocco.
As the sun sets, the square changes its shape. It turns into one of the world's busiest open air restaurant and a veritable open-air theatre.
Drama in progress
As Lonely Planet writes on its website: "Think of it as live-action channel-surfing: everywhere you look in the Djemaa El Fna, Marrakesh’s main square, you’ll discover drama in progress. The hoopla and halqa (street theatre) has been non-stop here ever since this plaza was the site of public executions around AD 1050 – hence its name, which means ‘assembly of the dead’.
Unesco declared the Djemaa El Fna a 'Masterpiece of World Heritage' in 2001 for bringing urban legends and oral history to life nightly and although the storytellers who once performed here have since given way to acrobats, musical performers, and slapstick comedy acts, Djemaa's nightly carnival continues to dazzle. Berber musicians strike up the music and Gnaoua troupes sing while henna tattoo artists beckon to passers by and water-sellers in fringed hats clang brass cups together, hoping to drive people to drink. This is a show you don't want to miss and it's a bargain too. Applause and a few dirhams ensure an encore.
While wandering around the Djemaa at any time of day stay alert to cars, motorbikes and horse-drawn-carriage traffic, which whiz around the perimeter of the plaza.
According to Wikipedia, the origin of its name is unclear: Jamaa means "congregation" in Arabic, probably referring to a destroyed Almoravid mosque. el Fnaʼ or finâʼ can mean "death" or "a courtyard, space in front of a building". "finâʼ in arabic commonly means "open area", straight translation would be "the gathering/congregation area". Other meanings could be "The assembly of death," or "The Mosque at the End of the World". Another explanation is that it refers to a mosque with a distinctive courtyard or square in front of it. A third translation is "assembly of the dead", referring to public executions on the plaza around 1050 AD.
Stein Morten Lund, July 2018
Facts about Morocco:
The official name of Morocco is the Kingdom of Morocco. There are about 33 million people living in Morocco. Arabs and Berbers make up majority of the population of Morocco, followed by Jews and others. Morocco has 2 official languages: Arabic and Berber. Berber is a dialect in North Africa that has Afro-asiatic roots. French is also spoken by 1/3 of the population, and is a mandatory language in schools. The capital city of Morocco is Rabat, although the largest city is Casablanca with nearly four million people. Morocco gained independence from France in 1956.
Facts about Marrakech:
Population: 1.70 million (city), but over 2 million including suburbs.
Area: Marrakech is the capital of the mid-southwestern region of Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz, close to the foothills of the High Atlas Mountains. The Jemaa el Fna is the heart of the city, which is divided between the medina, the French-built New Town (ville nouvelle), Gueliz, and the suburbs.
Language: Arabic is the official language, but many people speak Amazigh (Berber language) and French. English is increasingly spoken in tourist areas.
Climate: Marrakech has a dry climate with hot summers and cool winters. The best time for visiting is between March and June and from September to December. There is usually snow on the High Atlas from December to April/ May.
Number of food stalls in Jemaa el Fna: over 100.